Events > Volcanos – arteries of the Earth

Volcanos – arteries of the Earth

19. 12. 2014 - 20. 9. 2015


Volcanos – mighty mountains spitting fire and lava have attracted people´s attention since time immemorial. To an ancient poet they were a seat of Gods, to a medieval scholastic an expression of infernal forces and to a geologist an eye into the inside of the Earth. While the worldwide deepest borehole on the peninsula Kola reaches more than 12 km, volcanos with their inlet channels spew out rocks from the lower part of the Earth´s crust or even the upper mantle from the depth of 150-200 km. Volcanism represents a huge power of the Earth and in the past it caused without any doubt the extinction and many species. Besides their devastating power volcanos play an important role in the preservation of balance in geo-energy streams, they impress with mightiness, mysteries and beauty. Fertile soil on their flanks has attracted inhabitants since time immemorial. 

The exhibition makes the visitors acquainted with the phenomenon of volcanism on Earth and parallelly it describes volcanic activities on the territory of the Czech Republic; their latest results shape the landscape relief and can be observed  e.g. in the Bohemian Central Massive, in the Doupov Mountains or at the Uhlířský vrch hill or Venus´ Volcano in Silesia. The exhibition presents the topic of volcanism through experience. The visitors feel the movements of the Earth´s crust on an earthquake board and special effects will cover them with volcanic ashes. 

We will have a look into the magnificent micro world of volcanic rocks reminding of cathedral stained glass windows. Next to minerals, semiprecious and precious stones originating from volcanic rocks – agates, amethysts and Bohemian Garnets – shine in the showcases. On the imaginary top of the pyramid there is a diamond. However, the oldest European fossil – the so called rodent of Waltsch on the foot of the Doupov Mountains – is of inestimable historical value. It comes back to the Czech Republic for a while after 300 years.

The fossil was discovered at the end of the 17th century, in 1718 it was mentioned in the literature for the first time and it has been researched by such important personalities as Carl Linné or Georges Cuvier.

The exhibition offers the visitors the possibility to watch the projection of impressive shots of volcanos from all over the world. The visitors who like testing their knowledge, abilities and skills can benefit from playful geological activities for various age categories explaining, mainly to children, basic geological concepts such as volcanism, movements of Earth´s plates, etc.

The staff of the geological-palaeontological department have prepared, in co-operation with the Children´s Museum, in interactive programme for school groups and interesting Saturday programmes for the general public.

A cycle of lectures on volcanism by eminent geologists will accompany the exhibition.