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Centenary of the Independent Czechoslovakia

Dietrichstein Palace, 19 October 2018 - 30 June 2019

The Moravian Museum participates in the inter-governmental project of the Czech and the Slovak Republic called The Common Century. On the occasion of this important anniversary three exhibition projects are being prepared. The exhibition of the Department of History will show the Czech-Slovak relations on the background of the way to the creation of an independent state. The display of the Ethnographic Institute will present the traditional culture in the role of a political symbol. And the Department of History of Antitotalitarian Culture will remember another “No 8” anniversary, that of the year 1968.

The exhibitions will be accompanied with an interesting programme including workshops, film projections, lectures, and guided tours.

How they got acquainted: Moravian-Slovak relations in 1848-1919

Presentation of historical and cultural relations of Moravia and Slovakia from their common origins in the period of Great Moravia followed by different evolution in two states,  intersections in the field of politics, wars, religion, work, culture, and migration of the population. The period of the 2nd half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century will be emphasized when the contacts grew stronger and headed towards the two countries becoming closer and finally creating a common state.


The events of the revolutionary years 1848/49 will be reminded when groups of Slovak volunteers set out from Moravia against the Hungarians in Slovakia. Contacts between eminent Slovak and Czech personalities will be mentioned, as well as the Slovak young people leaving for Moravia to get education after the closing of Slovak secondary schools. Activities of eminent Slovak personalities in Moravia and the Czech ones in Slovakia and migration and exchange of people, things and ideas grew stronger especially at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, in the field of culture, art, literature, and music.

These exchanges had also a political and economic dimension and led to the implementation of Czech capital in Slovakia. All this happened in the process of shaping the national identity of the Czech and Slovak nations that found its expression in ideas and tendencies of a common state – the Czechoslovak Republic. Activities of foreign Czechoslovak resistance will be mentioned as well as the declaration of the common state, the process of gradual occupation and annexation of Slovakia under the participation of Czechoslovak volunteers and military troops. The subsequent evolution in the common state will be presented in a succinct form.

Traditional folk culture - showcase of the state - thankful symbol of the nation

Another exhibition prepared by the Ethnographic Institute / Moravian Museum features the projection of the traditional culture in the life of the society after 1918 and beyond when its expressions are used as symbols of political representation (e.g. folklorism, "cult" of T. G. Masaryk, propaganda graphics in the 1950s - 1970s).

European ethnology pays great attention to the issue of national myths and national symbols. Some expressions of the traditional folk culture e.g. costumes or architecture have even been promoted thanks to their clear message. Couples wearing traditional costumes, welcoming important state visits, belong to the arsenal of national representation even today. After the foundation of the Czechoslovak Republic efforts to prove the peculiarity of the young state occurred. Specifically in the 1920s, inspiration through folk art appeared in the plastic arts that was an expression of the efforts to create a specific national style. Folklorism was understood as an expression of national character and enabled to show national feelings through clothes featuring embroideries and typical ornaments. Items from the field of traditional culture got a new - political dimension (posters for public events, banknotes, form of social festivities).

August 1968 among historic eights

The Department of History of Antitotalitarian Culture together with the Department of History of the Moravian museum participates in the celebrations of the 100th anniversary of the genesis of the independent Czechoslovakia by means of the exhibition August 1968 among Historic Eights. The central point is a remembrance of the 50th anniversary of the invasion of the armies of the Warsaw Pact into Czechoslovakia as well as the historical consequences of this event. Authentic photographs from Brno under occupation form the backbone of the exhibition. They are complemented by printed matter and the amateur video recordings of 21st August 1968 made in Brno by Professor Clemens Cording from Regensburg. The exhibition also presents objects that give evidence of the publication activities against the regime after 1968 within Czechoslovakia as well as abroad. However, August 1968 is just one of a number of turning points of the modern Czechoslovak history. Other twentieth-century significant events of the years ending with the number eight are also presented in texts, photographs and copies of archival documents.

 

The exhibitions commemorating the Centenary of the Czechoslovak Republic take place under the auspices of the President of the Czech Republic Miloš Zeman, the President of the South Moravian Regional Council JUDr. Bohumil Šimek, the Mayor of Brno Ing. Petr Vokřál, the President of the Constitutional Court JUDr. Pavel Rychetský, the President of the Supreme Court Prof. Pavel Šámal, the President of the Office for the Protection of Competition Ing. Petr Rafaj, and the President of the Supreme Administrative Court JUDr. Josef Baxa.

 

             

 

 
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