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Folia ethnographica 46/2 2012

  • Napsal: Eva Večerková
  • ISBN: 0862–1209
  • Rozsah: cca 104 stran
  • Formát: 168×240 mm
  • Vazba: brožovaná
  • Datum vydání: 2x ročně
  • Dostupnost: vyprodáno

Cena s DPH: 109 Kč

 
  • Popis

 Obsah čísla (Contents) 46/2 2012 (34.6 kB, Adobe Acrobat dokument)

ABSTRACTS:

VELIKONOČNÍ OBYČEJ „VENÁŠENI PÁMBUČKA“ NA HANÉ

EVA VEČERKOVÁ, Etnografický ústav Moravského zemského muzea, Brno

ABSTRACT: The Easter custom consists of carrying the crucifix out of the parochial church and placing it to a chapel or a chosen private house on Easter Saturday; on the following day the representation of the crucified Christ is decorated and brought back to the church. This custom has been documented in several Roman-Catholic parishes in the region of Olomouc and Prostějov (Haná region). It disappeared in the 1950s but was renewed in two villages. The cross is carried by girls and youngsters complying with moral criteria of integrity and sexual blamelessness. The core of the custom is the expression of veneration. It consists in ceremonial carrying of the crucifix in hands veiled with a sheet, worshipping, decorating and kissing the corpus at the public and sacred place in a chapel or a private house. It takes place outside of the church services, during a festive carrying of the crucifix in procession to the village and depositing it in the chapel or a chosen house. The custom originates in the religious tradition of the Holy Sepulchre. Emperor Joseph II prohibited the Holy Sepulchres in churches in 1784 and laymen took over the popular tradition and transferred it to private spaces.

KEY WORDS: Easter custom – cross veneration – Central Moravia – 19th and 20th centuries

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KERAMIKA V OBYČEJOVÉ TRADICI. KOUTNÍ HRNEC

ALENA KALINOVÁ, Moravské zemské muzeum, Etnografický ústav, Brno

ABSTRACT: The ceramic product – so called puerperium pot – is connected to the custom in the time of puerperium. The child’s godmother used to bring chicken soup in it to the young mother. The paper characterizes these ceramic wessels according to the data in the literature, information from inquiries by the Czechoslovak Ethnographic Society and the study of the items themselves preserved in the collection of folk ceramics in the Ethnographic Institute of the Moravian Museum Brno.

KEY WORDS: Ceramics, puerperium pot, puerperium, custom, Moravia, Bohemia, 18th–19th centuries

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KALENDÁRNA OBRADOVÁ KULTÚRA V PROSTREDÍ SLOVENSKEJ MENŠINY V CHORVÁTSKU

RASTISLAVA STOLIČNÁ, Ústav etnológie SAV, Klemensova 19, 813 64 Bratislava

ABSTRACT: The author presents the results of recent research of ceremonies throughout the year in the Slovak minority in Croatia. In the introduction she explains the reasons of the emigration of Slovaks to Slavonia, the history and the situation of this minority at the beginning of the 21st century. Then she analyses customs of Slovaks in separate localities. In the conclusion she describes the ceremonial culture of the ethnic minority as a typical example of the ethnic and cultural identity

KEY WORDS: Slovaks in Croatia, ceremonial culture, acculturation, ethnic identification

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BRATRSTVO SVATÉHO ISIDORA V KNÍNICÍCH U BOSKOVIC A JEHO ROLE V RÁMCI VENKOVSKÉHO PROSTŘEDÍ

BARBORA VALEŠOVÁ, Masarykova univerzita, filozofická fakulta, Ústav evropské etnologie, doktorandka

ABSTRACT: The paper deals with St. Isidore confraternity in Knínice u Boskovic. A large amount of information has been obtained from the accounting book of the confraternity from 1708–1762/3. Based on the preserved data the author tries to depict the relation of the religious confraternity to the inhabitants of the parish of Knínice. The latter were connected with the confraternity not only through their membership in it but also due to economic and social relations.

KEY WORDS: Confraternity, Knínice u Boskovic, flagellation, St. Isidore, pilgrimage, Moravia, Baroque period, everyday life

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ESTETICKÉ PRVKY NA HLINĚNÝCH STAVBÁCH A JEJICH PROMĚNA

MIROSLAV VÁLKA, Ústav evropské etnologie Filozofické fakulty Masarykovy univerzity, Brno

ABSTRACT: The paper deals with issues of aesthetic components of the clay house of Pannonian type, spread in the region of Middle Danube including central and south-eastern Moravia. Besides the urbanism of villages and specific building components (risalits, loggias) the most typical component of its decoration was the mural painting appearing in particular in south-eastern Moravia and south-western Slovakia. From rudimentary forms based on graffito it developed into extensive painted compositions situated in the former dark kitchens. The exterior painting concentrated into the risalits or next to doors and windows. With the modernisation of houses and living in the second half of the 20th century it disappears and if it survives, so in the frame of plastic folklorism and with new functions.

KEY WORDS: Clay house, aesthetic elements, plastic and ornamental decorations.

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SOCIÁLNE VZŤAHY NA MESTSKOM SÍDLISKU

JURAJ JANTO, Ph.D., Katedra etnológie a kultúrnej antropológie FF UK, Bratislava

ABSTRACT: The article considers the character of social relationships in an urban high-rise settlement. It analyses the influence of time and physical space on the level of inter-human relationships. A section of the largest settlement in Slovakia, Bratislava-Petržalka, is the locality for author’s empirical qualitative research. Here he identifies social groups and opportunities; he analyses the influence of time and physical space on the level and quality of interhuman contacts. He shows how established contacts can contribute to raising of social capital and quality of life in the locality.

KEY WORDS: Social networks, urban high-rise settlements, social capital.



 
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