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Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae 95/2 2010

Obsah - Inhalt - Contents
 
 HÖSER N.: Ecology of the earthworm species Proctodrilus antipai (Michaelsen, 1891) and P. tuberculatus (Černosvitov, 1935) in floodplains of the central European upland belt.  Abstract1
 


 KMENT P. & KANYUKOVA E. V.: New faunistic records of Hebridae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) from the Mediterranean and the Near and Middle East  Abstract11
 


 STEHLÍK J. L. & JINDRA Z.: Two new species of the genus Sericocoris (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pyrrhocoridae) from Cameroon  Abstract19
 
 PEŘINKOVÁ P. & FISCHER O. A.: Euoniticellus fulvus (Goeze, 1777) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in south-western Moravia (Czech Republic)  Abstract25
 


 BEZDĚČKOVÁ K. & BEZDĚČKA P.: Formica pressilabris (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) . confirmed occurrence in the Czech Republic  Abstract29
 


 CASTRO L. & DVOŘÁK L.: New and noteworthy records of vespid wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) from the Palaearctic region (III)  Abstract37
 


 KUBEŠOVÁ S.: Environmental factors structuring bryophyte species composition in block fields in south-western Moravia (Czech Republic)  Abstract55
 


 SUTORÝ K.: Lectotypification of infraspecific taxa in Cortusa matthioli (Primulaceae) described by Josef Podpěra  Abstract71
 


 ZÁZVORKA J.: Orobanche kochii and O. elatior (Orobanchaceae) in central Europe.  Abstract77
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Abstract - NORBERT HÖSER 
Am Park 1, 04603 Windischleuba, Germany; e-mail: norbert.hoeser@arcor.de 
  
HÖSER N. 2010: Ecology of the earthworm species Proctodrilus antipai (Michaelsen, 1891) and P. tuberculatus (Černosvitov, 1935) in floodplains of the central European upland belt. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 95(2): 1.9. 
Studies in floodplains of the Central European upland belt revealed that the edaphic origin of their sediments apparently determines the distribution of the earthworm species Proctodrilus antipai (Michaelsen, 1891) and P. tuberculatus (Černosvitov, 1935) in the floodplain transect. In sections of the floodplains of the rivers Ohře and Werra, in whose catchment areas mainly brown soils, chernozems, and podzols appear in outcrops, P. antipai replaces P. tuberculatus. This situation is in strong contrast to the distribution in floodplain transects known so far, in which P. tuberculatus occurs in the middle of the floodplain and P. antipai at the edges, and where the floodplain sediments are principally derived from luvisols and lessived soils. These observations lead to the assumption that P. tuberculatus depends on the end-products of strong lessivation processes, while P. antipai prefers the accumulation of clays and finely dispersed humus in the soil.
  
Key words. Lumbricidae, Proctodrilus, earthworms, floodplain soils, lessivage, central Europe, Bohemia, Thuringia
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 Abstract - PETR KMENT1 & ELENA V. KANYUKOVA2 
1 Department of Entomology, National Museum, Kunratice 1, CZ-148 00 Praha 4, Czech Republic; e-mail: sigara@post.cz
Zoological Museum, Far Eastern National University, Okeanskii pr. 37, 690000, Vladivostok, Russia; e-mail: evkany@mail.ru 
 
KMENT P. & KANYUKOVA E. V. 2010: New faunistic records of Hebridae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) from the Mediterranean and the Near and Middle East. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 95(2): 11.18.
The following new or confirmed records of West and Central Palaearctic Hebridae are given: Hebrus kiritshenkoi Kanyukova, 1997 from Afghanistan, Hebrus montanus Kolenati, 1857 from Greece, Jordan, Lebanon, and Morocco, Hebrus pilipes Kanyukova, 1997 from Afghanistan, and Hebrus oxianus Kanyukova, 1997 from Afghanistan and Iran. The records from Afghanistan are the first representatives of the family Hebridae from this country.
 
Keywords. Heteroptera, Hebridae, Hebrus, faunistics, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Greece, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Uzbekistan, Palaearctic Region
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 Abstract - JAROSLAV L. STEHLÍK1 & ZDENĚK JINDRA
1Department of Entomology, Moravian Museum, Hviezdoslavova 29a, CZ-627 00 Brno-Slatina, Czech Republic 
2Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Agriculture, CZ-165 21 Praha 6-Suchdol, Czech Republic; e-mail: palomena@seznam.cz 
 
STEHLÍK J. L. & JINDRA Z. 2010: Two new species of the genus Sericocoris (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pyrrhocoridae) from Cameroon. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 95(2): 19.23.
 Two new species, Sericocoris (Pseudocenaeus) griseus sp.nov. and Sericocoris (Pseudocenaeus) rubroantennatus sp.nov., are described from Cameroon (North-West Province).
 
Keywords. Heteroptera, Pyrrhocoridae, Sericocoris, taxonomy, new species, Cameroon, Afrotropical Region
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 Abstract - PAVLÍNA PEŘINKOVÁ1 & OLDŘICH ARNO.T FISCHER2 
1Muzeum Vysočiny v Třebíči, Kosmákova 66/1319, CZ-674 01 Třebíč, Czech Republic; e-mail: p.perinkova@zamek-trebic.cz 
2Havli.ova 2, CZ-612 00 Brno, Czech Republic; e-mail: olda.morav@seznam.cz  (corresponding author)
 
PEŘINKOVÁ P. & FISCHER O. A. 2010: Euoniticellus fulvus (Goeze, 1777) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in southwestern Moravia (Czech Republic). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 95(2): 25.28.
 The dung beetle Euoniticellus fulvus has been found in equine and bovine faeces at 13 localities in south-western Moravia (Czech Republic). Whereas previous records came largely from South-Moravian localities where the climate is the warmest, and altitudes of no more than 200 m above sea level, recent findings from the Českomoravská vysočina Highlands indicate that this dung beetle species has spread into areas with colder climate and elevations above 400 m.
 
Key words. Faunistics, Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae, Oniticellini, Euoniticellus fulvus, south-western Moravia
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 Abstract - KLÁRA BEZDĚČKOVÁ & PAVEL BEZDĚČKA 
Department of Biology, Museum of the Highlands, Jihlava, Masarykovo nám. 55, CZ-586 01, Jihlava, Czech Republic; e-mail: bezdeckova@muzeum.ji.cz 
 
BEZDĚČKOVÁ K. & BEZDĚČKA P. 2010: Formica pressilabris (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) . confirmed occurrence in the Czech Republic. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 95(2): 29.35.
 Formica pressilabris Nylander, 1846 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) has been found in only three localities in the Czech Republic. We report the list of Czech voucher specimens as well as a recent confirmation of an occurrence of this species in the Czech Republic. The discovery of one small, monocalic colony at a historical site is the only known find of F. pressilabris in the Czech Republic after 1987. In the light of our investigations, F. pressilabris appears to be the rarest and the most threatened Formica species in the Czech Republic.
 
Key words. Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Coptoformica, Formica pressilabris, Czech Republic
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 Abstract - LEOPOLDO CASTRO1 & LIBOR DVOŘÁK
1Av. Sanz Gadea 9, E-44002 Teruel, Spain; e-mail: discoelius@discoelius.jazztel.es 
2Municipal Museum Mariánské Lázne, Goethovo námestí 11, CZ-35301 Mariánské Lázne, Czech Republic; e-mail: lib.dvorak@seznam.cz 
 
CASTRO L. & DVOŘÁK L. 2010: New and noteworthy records of vespid wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) from the Palaearctic region (III). Acta Musei Moraviae. Scientiae Biologicae (Brno) 95(2): 37.53.
 A total of 31 species are recorded from 21 countries (Europe, Palaearctic Asia, Nepal and north-west Africa). The following species are recorded for the first time from the countries and provinces listed: Armenia . Polistes nimpha; Bulgaria . Leptochilus mimulus mimulus; Corsica (France) . Vespula vulgaris; Georgia . Polistes biglumis; Gilan (Iran) . Polistes associus; Iraq . Vespula germanica; Jordan . Eumenes pseudubius, Euodynerus dantici, Euodynerus disconotatus, Eustenancistrocerus jerichoensis, Leptochilus mimulus; Kazakhstan . Euodynerus disconotatus and Euodynerus rufinus; Zhambyl province (Kazakhstan) . Euodynerus caspicus; Kyrghyzystan . Allodynerus delphinalis and Euodynerus caspicus; Macedonia . Ancistrocerus auctus .sensu praesente.; Mongolia . Polistes bischoffi; Nepal . Ropalidia rufocollaris; Portugal . Allodynerus koenigi and Eumicrodynerus longicorpus; Russia . Microdynerus longicollis and Odynerus poecilus; Tuva Republic (Russia) . Odynerus alpinus; Spain . Ancistrocerus auctus .sensu praesente.; Cáceres province (Spain) . Odynerus wilhelmi; Tajikistan . Euodynerus disconotatus, Euodynerus semisaecularis, Polistes associus, Polistes wattii; Tunisia . Polistes dominula and Polistes gallicus; Uzbekistan . Euodynerus dantici, Euodynerus disconotatus, Euodynerus fastidiosus, Euodynerus rufinus, Odynerus fulvitarsis. A synonymy is proposed: Euodynerus caspicus astrachanensis Blüthgen 1942 = Euodynerus caspicus var. cardinalis (Morawitz 1885) syn.nov.
 
Key words. Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Eumeninae, Polistinae, Vespinae, first records, rarely-recorded taxa, distribution, Palaearctic region, Nepal
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 Abstract - SVATAVA KUBEŠOVÁ 
Moravian Museum, Department of Botany, Hviezdoslavova 29a, CZ-62700 Brno, Czech Republic; e-mail: skubesova@mzm.cz  (corresponding address) 
Department of Botany and Zoology, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, CZ-611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
 
KUBEŠOVÁ S. 2010: Environmental factors structuring bryophyte species composition in block fields in southwestern Moravia (Czech Republic). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 95(2): 55.70.
 An inventory of bryophytes was made in 23 naturally treeless block fields in the Oslava, Jihlava, Jevi.ovka and Dyje river valleys of south-western Moravia (Czech Republic). Environmental variables such as potential direct irradiation, area, position on the slope, stone size and degree of stone sorting were recorded in each block field. Block fields were divided into two different zones: a central, open part and an ecotone between the block field and adjacent woodland. The total number of species was 88 (20 liverworts and 68 mosses). Bryophyte cover was lower in the open part than in the ecotone. Variability of species data, as revealed by detrended correspondence analysis, was associated with position on slopes, potential direct irradiation and position in the gradient between open part and ecotone. The most frequent life strategies were colonists and perennials. Colonists were characteristic of the open parts and of more insolated sites. Long-lived shuttles and perennials occurred more often at edges and on lower slopes. Among the growth-forms, rough mats and short turfs were the most frequent. The most insolated habitats were inhabited by small cushions, tails and short turfs. Thalloid mats and dendroids were typical of the sites that were situated on lower parts of the slopes, in lower ecotones and at less insolated sites. The most frequent phytogeographical affinities of the recorded species were temperate, boreal and sub-boreal.
 
Key words. growth-forms, bryophytes, life strategies, chorological types, south-western Moravia, block fields
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Abstract - KAREL SUTORÝ 
Karel Sutorý, Department of Botany, Moravian Museum, Hviezdoslavova 29a, 627 00 Brno, Czech Republic; e-mail: ksutory@mzm.cz 
 
SUTORÝ K. 2010: Lectotypification of infraspecific taxa in Cortusa matthioli (Primulaceae) described by Josef Podpěra. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 95(2): 71.75. 
Eight infraspecific taxa (forma or subforma) of Cortus matthioli described by Josef Podpěra are lectotypified. A new combination for Primula brotheri is proposed.
 
Key words. Josef Podpěra, Primula brotheri, Primula matthioli, new combination, BRNM, PR, WU
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 Abstract - JIŘÍ ZÁZVORKA 
Institute of Botany, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, CZ-252 43 Průhonice, Czech Republic; e-mail: zazvorka@ibot.cas.cz 
 
ZÁZVORKA J. 2010: Orobanche kochii and O. elatior (Orobanchaceae) in central Europe. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae Biologicae (Brno) 95(2): 77.119.
Acomparative study of a broomrape (Orobanche sp.) parasitic on Centaurea scabiosa, previously considered as a sole taxon, Orobanche elatior Sutton, revealed the existence of two distinct species in central Europe. The correct names for them proved to be Orobanche kochii F. W. Schultz and O. elatior Sutton. The name Orobanche kochii, and its synonym O. echinopis Pančić, are lectotypified. The history and taxonomic contents of the related names O. echinopis Pančić, O. fragrans W.D.J. Koch, O. ritro Grenier, O. stigmatodes Wimmer and others are briefly discussed. Morphological characterisations of both species, together with photographs, line drawings, and distribution maps based on herbarium specimens, are provided. An account of all revised herbarium specimens from the Czech Republic and nearby countries is given in the Appendix.
 
Keywords. Orobanche, Orobanche elatior, Orobanche kochii, taxonomy, nomenclature, distribution, the Czech Republic, central Europe
 
vyrobila www.omegedesign.cz