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Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae 91/2006

Obsah - Inhalt - Contents
 
 BOJKOVÁ J. & ŠPAČEK J.: New and interesting records of Plecoptera (Insecta) from the Czech Republic Abstract1
 


 KMENT P. & BRYJA J.: Revised occurrence of Heterotoma species (Heteroptera: Miridae) in the Czech Republic and Slovakia with remarks on nomenclature, diagnostic characters and ecology  Abstract7
 


 STEHLÍK J. L. & JINDRA Z.: Notes on some Oriental species of the genus Dysdercus Guérin Ménéville, 1831 (Pyrrhocoridae, Heteroptera)  Abstract53
 


 STEHLÍK J. L. & JINDRA Z.: A revision of the genus Ascopocoris Stehlík et Kerzhner, 1999 (Pyrrhocoridae, Heteroptera) Abstract61
 


 STRAKA J., MALENOVSKÝ I. & BATELKA J.: The genus Halictoxenos Pierce, 1908 (Strepsiptera, Stylopidae) in the Czech Republic and Slovakia  Abstract69
 


 FISCHER O. A.: Dung beetles of the genera Onthophagus Latreille and Aphodius Illiger (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) found in canine faeces in mown parks and in equine faeces in and around the city of Brno  Abstract83
 


 KOLIBÁČ J.: Taxonomic status of Trichodes hidalgo Winkler, 1959 (Coleoptera, Cleridae)  Abstract93
 


 KUBÁŇ V. & JAKEŠ O.: The Dalibor Povolný collection of Gnorimoschemini (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) in the keeping of the Moravian Museum, Brno. Part l: Type material purchased in 1997-1998  Abstract97
 


 BOGUSCH P.: The velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia: an identification key and annotated checklist  Abstract103
 


 DVOŘÁK L.: Social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Vespinae) from the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the collections of the Moravian Museum, Brno  Abstract149
 


 ANTONÍN V. & VÁGNER A.: Xerocomus fennicus, first record in the Czech Republic  Abstract159
 


 SUTORÝ K.: Material of type character in the Münch-Bellinghausen collection in the Moravian Museum, Brno (BRNM). 5. Karel Bořivoj Presl.  Abstract165
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Abstract - Bojková J. & Špaček J. 2006
New and interesting records of Plecoptera (Insecta) from the Czech Republic. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 1-6.
Nemoura carpathica Illies, Nemoura fusca Kis, Protonemura aestiva Kis, and Leuctra quadrimaculata Kis are reported from the Czech Republic for the first time. Arcynopteryx compacta (McLachlan), Isoperla buresi Raušer, Agnetina elegantula (Klapálek), Isoptena serricornis (Pictet), Brachyptera braueri (Klapálek), and Leuctra geniculata (Stephens), critically endangered species in the Czech Republic, are also recorded. New records of Isoperla tripartita Illies and Isoperla goertzi Illies, rare species in the Czech Republic, are added as well.
  
Key words. Plecoptera, faunology, Czech Republic, new records
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 Abstract - Kment P. & Bryja J. 2006
Revised occurrence of Heterotoma species (Heteroptera: Miridae) in the Czech Republic and Slovakia with remarks on nomenclature, diagnostic characters and ecology Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 7-52.
A revision of available material of the plant bug genus Heterotoma Lepeletier et Serville, 1825 from significant museum and private collections in the Czech Republic was carried out. The occurrence of Heterotoma merioptera (Scopoli, 1763) in the Czech Republic (both in Bohemia and Moravia) and Slovakia, and the occurrence of H. planicornis (Pallas, 1772) only in the Czech Republic (both Bohemia and Moravia) are documented. Heterotoma merioptera is also recorded from Montenegro for the first time. A history of taxonomical confusion between the species is reviewed, and neotypes are designated for both H. merioptera and H. planicornis to fix current usage for these names. The diagnostic characters, bionomy, phenology, and ecology of both species are reviewed and discussed. Lists of the most important references covering both species are added. Both H. merioptera and H. planicornis are zoophytophagous, univoltine species, overwintering in the egg stage. Adults of H. merioptera occur from mid-May to the end of August, those of H. planicornis from mid-June to the end of September (exceptionally to mid-October). Although both species are sympatric in the Czech Republic, and sometimes occur very close to one another (e.g. in the city of Brno), their co-ocurrence in the same locality was not recorded. Heterotoma merioptera is the more thermophilous species, preferring natural and semi-natural habitats (steppes, forest margins), while H. planicornis is more abundant at higher altitudes (e.g., in xerothermic patches above 400 m a.s.l., among the littoral growths around ponds and lakes); at lower altitudes it usually occurs on ruderal vegetation or in orchards.
 
Keywords. Heteroptera, Miridae, Czech Republic, Bohemia, Moravia, Slovakia, Montenegro, nomenclature, faunistics, ecology
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 Abstract - Stehlík J. L. & Jindra Z. 2006
Notes on some Oriental species of the genus Dysdercus Guérin Ménéville, 1831 (Pyrrhocoridae, Heteroptera). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 53-60.
Dysdercus similis Freeman, 1947 species valida, not a junior synonym of D. micropygus Breddin, 1909; Dysdercus incarnatus Blöte, 1931 species valida, not a junior synonym of D. concinnulus Walker, 1872; Dysdercus transversalis hippotigrisoides ssp.nov. (Seram Isl.); Dysdercus variegatus Distant, 1902 classified as a subspecies (not a synonym) of D. concinnulus Walker, 1872 (D. concinnulus variegatus Distant, 1902 stat.nov.).
 
Key words. Heteroptera, Pentatomomorpha, Pyrrhocoridae, Dysdercus, taxonomy, distribution
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 Abstract - Stehlík J. L. & Jindra Z. 2006
A revision of the genus Ascopocoris Stehlík et Kerzhner, 1999 (Pyrrhocoridae, Heteroptera). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 61-68.
Species of the genus Ascopocoris Stehlík & Kerzhner, 1999 are revised. The genus Brancucciana Ahmad et Zaidi, 1986 (type species B. bhutanensis Ahmad et Zaidi, 1986) is synonymized with the genus Ascopocoris. The species Brancucciana bhutanensis Ahmad et Zaidi, 1986, Euscopus gestroi Distant, 1903 and Antilochus pygmaeus Distant, 1903 are transferred to the genus Ascopocoris. The subgenus Rubriascopus subgen.nov. (type species Antilochus pygmaeus Distant, 1903) is established within Ascopocoris. The species Ascoporis (Ascoporis) constanti sp.nov. is described from Thailand and Laos.
 
Key words. Heteroptera, Pentatomomorpha, Pyrrhocoridae, Ascopocoris, new species, new subgenus, new combination, distribution
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 Abstract - Straka J., Malenovský I. & Batelka J. 2006
The genus Halictoxenos Pierce, 1908 (Strepsiptera, Stylopidae) in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 69-82.
Based on a revision of museum material and recent collections, three species of the genus Halictoxenos Pierce, 1908 (Strepsiptera: Stylopidae) are recorded from the Czech Republic. They have been identified as H. arnoldi Perkins, 1918, H. spencei (Nassonov, 1893) and H. tumulorum Perkins, 1918. The latter two species were also found in Slovakia. Figures and diagnostic characters are provided for the females of the three species and information is given on their distribution and hosts. In both the countries, H. arnoldi has so far been found associated with Lasioglossum (Lasioglossum) xanthopus, H. spencei with eight solitary species from the "acarinate" lineage of Lasioglossum, subgenus Evylaeus and H. tumulorum with three species of Halictus (all Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) sabulosum (Warncke, 1986) and L. (E.) sexstrigatum (Schenck, 1870) are reported as new hosts for H. spencei. No morphological changes due to stylopization were observed on any of the examined hosts.
 
Key words. Strepsiptera, Stylopidae, Halictoxenos, parasitoids, Hymenoptera, Halictidae, Lasioglossum, Halictus, Central Europe, distribution, host associations.
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 Abstract - Fischer O. A. 2006
Dung beetles of the genera Onthophagus Latreille and Aphodius Illiger (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) found in canine faeces in mown parks and in equine faeces in and around the city of Brno. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae Biologicae (Brno) 91: 83-91.
Canine faeces on mown public grass often contain the causative agents of zoonoses, especially parasitoses. Dung beetles of the genera Onthophagus Latreille, 1802 and Aphodius Illiger, 1798 are able to develop in canine faeces and partly decompose them, but they may also contaminate grazing pastures for animals, such as horses, with the causative agents of canine zoonoses originating from canine excrement. The numbers of canine faecal deposits were counted on 18 mown areas of public grass in the city of Brno (Moravia, Czech Republic) between April and June 2003. The species composition of dung beetle fauna associated with canine and equine faeces was studied in twelve Brno localities in the years 2001-2003. The mean number of canine faeces was 10.9±10.2 per 100 m2 in city parks in April-June 2003. Only two (1%) of 196 canine faeces were colonized by dung beetles. A total of 211 dung beetles were collected, 92 of them in canine faeces and 119 in equine faeces. Onthophagus fracticornis (Preyssler), O. coenobita (Herbst), O. ovatus (Linnaeus), Aphodius distinctus (O. F. Müller), A. sticticus (Panzer), A. prodromus (Brahm) and A. fimetarius (Linnaeus) were found in both canine and equine faeces. O. vacca (Linnaeus) was found only in canine faeces. The eudominant species found in canine and horse faeces were O. fracticornis and O. ovatus and A. prodromus, A. fimetarius, A. sticticus, respectively. The similarity of species composition in dung beetle communities in canine and equine faeces was high (84.4%).
Key words. Municipal faecal waste, canine zoonoses, pastures, coprophagous insects
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 Abstract - Kolibáč J. 2006
Taxonomic status of Trichodes hidalgo Winkler, 1959 (Coleoptera, Cleridae). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 93-95.
Trichodes hidalgo Winkler, 1959 is synonymized with Trichodes crabroniformis Fabricius, 1787. The unique specimen of T. hidalgo is identical with the east Mediterranean population of T. crabroniformis. The locality label "Hispania" was probably changed in error.
 
Key words. Coleoptera, Cleridae, Trichodes hidalgo Winkler, 1959, Trichodes crabroniformis Fabricius, 1787
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Abstract - Kubáň V. & Jakeš O. 2006
The Dalibor Povolný collection of Gnorimoschemini (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) in the keeping of the Moravian Museum, Brno. Part 1: Type material purchased in 1997-1998. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 97-101.
We provide a list of the collection made by Dalibor Povolný devoted to the moth family Gelechiidae, tribe Gnorimoschemini, part of the property of the Moravian Museum, Brno (Czech Republic). The first part includes a list of the type material purchased in 1997-1998. Altogether there are 101 type specimens (79 holotypes, 1 lectotype, 1 neotype and 20 paratypes) relating to 83 species group taxa in 10 currently valid genera.
 
Key words. Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae, Gnorimoschemini, D. Povolný collection, type material, Moravian Museum, Brno
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 Abstract - Bogusch P. 2006
The velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia: an identification key and annotated checklist. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 103-148.
This study of Czech and Slovak Mutillidae consists of two parts: the identification key includes all 20 Czech and Slovak species, and also 9 other species with distribution areas reaching neighbouring Hungary, Austria, and Ukraine. Graphics of determination characters are included. The annotated checklist reviews the state of knowledge on all species of Mutillidae reported from the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Notes on the distribution, biology, hosts, lists of localities and distribution maps of all Czech and Slovak species are presented. Physetopoda cingulata (Costa, 1858) and P. pusilla (Klug, 1835) are published for Slovakia for the first time; and Smicromyrme sicana (De Stefani, 1887) first for Bohemia. These new records enlarge the number of Mutillidae recorded in the Czech Republic and Slovakia to 16 and 19 species, respectively.
 
Key words. Mutillidae, identification key, checklist, Czech Republic, Bohemia, Moravia, Slovakia, central Europe, new records, faunistics
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 Abstract - Dvořák L. 2006
Social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Vespinae) from the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the collections of the Moravian Museum, Brno. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 149-157.
More than 730 specimens of social wasps deposited in the collections of the Moravian Museum Brno have been identified. They belong to eleven species [Vespa crabro Linnaeus, 1758, Vespula germanica (Fabricius, 1793), V. vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1758), V. rufa (Linnaeus, 1758), V. austriaca (Panzer, 1799), Dolichovespula media (Retzius, 1783), D. norwegica (Fabricius, 1781), D. saxonica (Fabricius, 1793), D. sylvestris (Scopoli, 1763), D. adulterina (du Buysson, 1904), and D. omissa (Bischoff, 1931)]. Except for a single specimen from Turkey, all the material comes exclusively from the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The distribution patterns of individual wasp species in both main countries are briefly discussed.
 
Key words. social wasps, Vespa, Vespula, Dolichovespula, central Europe, Czech Republic, Moravia, Slovakia, faunistics
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 Abstract - Antonín V. & Vágner A. 2006
Xerocomus fennicus, first record in the Czech Republic. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 159-164.
The first record of Xerocomus fennicus (Harmaja) Ladurner, Simonini & Peintner from the vicinity of the city of Brno is published. A macro- and microscopic description of it is given and some microscopic characters are discussed. A light photo-micrograph of the basidiospores and an SEM photomicrograph are also presented.
 
Key words. Xerocomus fennicus, SEM photomicrograph, Czech Republic
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Abstract - Sutorý K. 2006
Material of type character in the Münch-Bellinghausen collection in the Moravian Museum, Brno (BRNM). 5. Karel Bořivoj Presl. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 165-179.
Forty-two specimens documenting new or previously unpublished names of plants collected by Karel Bořivoj Presl in Sicily deposited in the collection of Münch-Bellinghausen are listed and commented upon. Two not generally known announcements of his exsiccates are mentioned.
 
Key words. C. Presl, Flora Sicula, herbarium material 
 
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